Responses of auditory nerve fibers of the unanesthetized decerebrate cat to click pairs as simulated echoes. Parham, K. H.B. Zhao and D.O. Kim. Division of Otolaryngology, Surgical Research Center, Department of Surgery, Neuroscience Program, The University of Connecticut Health Center, Farmington, CT 06030-1110, U.S.A..
APStracts 3:0024N, 1996.
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1. To elucidate the peripheral contribution to "echo" processing in the auditory system, we examined the characteristics of auditory nerve responses to click-pair stimuli in unanesthetized, decerebrate cats. We used equilevel click pairs at peak levels of 45, 65 and 85 dB SPL re 20 [mu]Pa. The inter- click intervals ranged from 1 to 32 msec. This study reports results from 78 auditory nerve fibers in 7 cats. The fibers were divided into two groups: 33 low- and 45 high-spontaneous rate (SR), with SRs < and >/= 20 spikes/sec, respectively. A method was introduced to quantify the second-click response and its recovery was examined as a function of the inter-click interval. 2. In general, auditory nerve fibers showed a gradual recovery of the second-click response as inter-click interval was increased. Noticeable differences in the second-click response recovery functions emerged among fiber populations which were related to the SR. Low-SR fibers showed little change in the recovery functions of the second-click response as the click level was increased from 45 to 85 dB SPL. In contrast, high-SR fibers showed slower recoveries with increasing click level from 45 to 85 dB SPL. At 45 and 65 dB SPL, the recovery functions of the two SR groups were similar. At 85 dB SPL, high-SR fibers exhibited slower recovery than low-SR fibers, regardless of fiber characteristic frequency. The inter-click intervals at 50% second-click response ranged from 1 to 6 msec (mean = 1.4 msec) among low-SR fibers. The inter-click intervals at 50% second-click response for high-SR fibers, while similar to those for the low-SR fibers at 45 and 65 dB SPL, ranged from 2-16 msec (mean = 3 msec) for high-SR fibers, at 85 dB SPL. 3. We also examined auditory nerve compound action potentials (CAPs) evoked by click-pair stimuli for various inter-click intervals and click levels. With increasing inter- click interval, the amplitude of the second-click CAP increased, and with increasing level, the second-click CAP showed slower recovery. At 45 dB SPL, the recovery functions of the second-click CAP were similar to those of the high- and low-SR fibers. At higher levels, the CAP exhibited lower second- click response values than both high- and low-SR fiber populations for inter- click intervals less than 4-8 msec. At 85 dB SPL, as inter-click interval increased, between 8 and 16 msec, the CAP second-click response converged with that of the high-SR fibers and by 32 msec, the second-click response values were similar for the CAP, high- and low-SR fibers. 4. The present results are consistent with those of forward masking studies at the level of the auditory nerve in that both demonstrate a short-term reduction of the neural responses. However, the two results differ in that we observed that high-SR fibers exhibited slower recovery than low-SR fibers in response to click-pair stimuli, opposite of the trend observed in the forward masking studies of responses to pure-tone bursts. 5. The present results on auditory nerve fiber responses to click-pair stimuli provide a reference for comparison with responses of central auditory neurons to similar stimuli. This information should serve to elucidate the peripheral contribution to the processing of echoes in the auditory system.

Received 29 September 1995; accepted in final form 31 December 1995.
APS Manuscript Number J648-5.
Article publication pending J. Neurophysiol.
ISSN 1080-4757 Copyright 1996 The American Physiological Society.
Published in APStracts on 29 January 96