SPONTANEOUS AND STIMULATION-INDUCED SYNCHRONIZED BURST AFTERDISCHARGES IN
THE ISOLATED CA1 OF KAINATE-TREATED RATS.
Meier, C. L., F. E. Dudek.
Mental Retardation Research Center, UCLA School of Medicine, 960 Westwood
Plaza, Los Angeles CA 90024, U.S.A.
APStracts 3:0134N, 1996.
SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS
1. Kainate treatment preferentially kills dentate hilar neurons and CA3
pyramidal cells, and ultimately leads to a chronic epileptic state.
Bicuculline-induced epileptiform bursts were studied to test the hypothesis
that multiple kainate injections and consequent status epilepticus would lead
-- after weeks-to-months of recovery -- to prolonged synchronous
afterdischarges in the isolated CA1 area of rat hippocampal slices, as would
be expected if new recurrent excitatory circuits had formed. 2. Synaptic
responses evoked in CA1 pyramidal cells of rats injected subcutaneously with
kainate (10 hourly injections, 5 ? mg/kg each) 24 to 316 ? days before the
slice experiment were compared with responses in slices from untreated and
saline-injected controls. The maximal response to stratum radiatum stimulation
in normal solution consisted of 2 to 8 population spikes. 3. When GABA A
receptor-mediated inhibition was reduced with bicuculline, synchronized burst
afterdischarges following the initial stimulation-evoked burst, similar to the
type of activity described in area CA3 under conditions where inhibition is
impaired, occurred in 23% of slices. 4. The prolonged synchronized burst
afterdischarges in the isolated CA1 area of kainate-treated rats were
associated with large excitatory postsynaptic potentials (EPSPs). These
prolonged bursts were not graded with the stimulus intensity; rather, they
were triggered in an all-or-none manner, even though there was some
variability across bursts. The bursts of population spikes were also
correlated with subthreshold EPSPs. 5. Slices that had synchronized burst
afterdischarges had significantly more damage in area CA3 than slices without
afterdischarges. 6. The data indicate that kainate-induced damage in CA3 can
lead to prolonged synchronous afterdischarges, even after CA1 is surgically-
isolated from the CA3 area. Because the repetitive bursts during the prolonged
and synchronous afterdischarges were associated with large EPSPs, these data
suggest that kainate-induced damage to CA3 and subsequent degeneration of
synaptic terminals in the CA1 area causes the formation of new recurrent
excitatory circuits that could be involved in the development of chronic
Received 22 January 1996; accepted in final form 6 June 1996.
APS Manuscript Number J40-6.
Article publication pending J. Neurophysiol.
ISSN 1080-4757 Copyright 1996 The American Physiological Society.
Published in APStracts on 28 June 96