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Nutrient Review (Basic Science Nutrition)
When did you first learn about nutrition: in grade school, high school, or an undergraduate program? This section is a review for you to relearn the basic science of nutrition as it applies to medicine. The learning objectives for this section are as follows:
At the end of this section, you should be able to:
- Identify the major classes of essential nutrients.
- Describe the sources, functions and requirements for all macronutrients and at least 5 vitamins and 5 minerals.
- Describe the physiological function of water and the minimum requirements essential for life.
- Identify the role of non-essential nutrients and food components such as flavonoids and phytoestrogens in health and disease.
- Describe the roles of the different types of dietary fiber found in foods in health and disease.
Here is a simple way to remember how various nutrients function in the body described in chemical terms. Water is the medium; macronutrients are the substrates; micronutrients are the catalysts that propel the reactions to build, maintain, and repair body tissues.
Content questions should be directed to: Marilyn.S.Edwards, Ph.D., R.D.
or Maggie McQuiggan, M.S.
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The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston
Created by Beth Ardoin, M.Ed. in Academic Technology's Multimedia Scriptorium